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Dark History

Disclaimer: Content created by reNotes from the podcast transcript is an example only.  reKnow does not own the original podcast and all content on this page, including content derived from the podcast, are the property of the podcast owner. Being featured as an example does not imply the podcast owner is a reNotes user.

 Podcast: Dark History 

Puff, Puff, Pass: Dark History of Cannabis

Generated by reNotes: This podcast episode discusses the long and difficult road to criminalizing cannabis in the United States. It covers the plant's early history and its many uses, before delving into the racial undertones of its criminalization in the early 20th century. The episode argues that the current laws surrounding cannabis are unjust, and highlights the work of activists in the fight for legalization.

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Show notes (unedited)

This podcast episode discusses the dark history of cannabis. Bailey Sarian begins by discussing how the word marijuana has a racist past, and how the plant has been criminalized in the United States. She then talks about how cannabis was one of the earliest plants farmed by humans, and how it was used for a variety of purposes.

Cannabis has been used by humans for centuries, dating back to at least 480 BC. It was originally used for fabric and clothing, but later became known for its medicinal properties. THC, one of the main chemicals in cannabis, is known to have painkilling and anesthetic properties.

Cannabis has been used by humans for thousands of years, with the first evidence dating back to 440 BC. It was used for a variety of purposes including religious ceremonies, pain relief, and recreation. Cannabis was spread to different parts of the world by traders, explorers, and conquerors, and was even used to make the Gutenberg Bible. In the 1600s, cannabis was introduced to the Americas and was grown for its hemp, which was used for rope and sails.

The podcast discusses the history of hemp in the United States and its various uses. It notes that the plant was widely grown in the country until the early 20th century, when it was made illegal. The article argues that hemp could be a valuable crop once again, and highlights the various health benefits associated with it.

The United States government has classified cannabis as a poison, due to reports of people becoming intoxicated and behaving erratically after smoking it. This has led to increased regulation of the food and pharmaceutical industries in an effort to protect consumers.

Cannabis was once considered a beneficial plant, but it has since been demonized due to its association with Mexican immigrants. This has led to racism and anti-immigrant sentiment in the United States.

The podcast discusses the difficult road to criminalizing cannabis in the United States. Hearst was looking for any way to take down the hemp industry because it was competing with his timber investment. In addition, he held racist views towards Latin American immigrants.

William Randolph Hearst was a newspaper magnate who owned a large amount of land in Mexico. He had the idea to use his journalism empire to spread hate towards Mexican immigrants so he could get more land. In 1923, a paper owned by William reported that marijuana is a shortcut to the insane asylum. In 1928, William ramped it up a bit with one of his papers reporting that marijuana was known in India as the murder drug. All of this probably could have been prevented.

Andrew Carnegie was a financial and industrial titan in the early 1900s, and his Mellon Bank was one of the biggest and most important banks of the time. However, Mellon's investments started to look bleak when the US Department of Agriculture concluded that hemp paper was superior to wood paper. Hemp paper doesn't yellow with age, and it grows much faster than trees do, meaning that it is more sustainable.

In the late 1920s, DuPont was making a new product called nylon. However, other companies were making a cheaper competing product from hemp. DuPont was angry and Andrew, the Secretary of Treasury, had a lightbulb moment to make cannabis illegal. This would help DuPont's nylon product succeed. Harry Anslinger was appointed Chief NARC and he helped make cannabis illegal by fanning the flames of mass hysteria with stories of violence supposedly committed by people high on cannabis.

Harry Ansligner was the head of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics for 32 years. He was a big proponent of the anti-cannabis movement and was behind the film "Reefer Madness". His reports were filled with racism and he was eventually called to resign by a number of politicians. However, he did not resign and continued to spread anti-cannabis hysteria. As a result of his work, cannabis was banned in 1937.

The New York Academy of Medicine issued a report in 1944 that said marijuana did not lead to violence, insanity, or sex crimes, and did not lead to addiction or other drug use. However, the government made cannabis possession illegal and mandated harsh punishments for those convicted of cannabis offenses.

In the 1960s, attitudes towards cannabis changed, due in part to the popularity of the drug among white middle class college kids. In 1970, President Richard Nixon signed the controlled substance act, which classified cannabis as a Schedule One narcotic, and this had a negative impact on the perception of the drug.

The podcast discusses the work of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) in the 1970s to decriminalize cannabis in 11 states. It also discusses a study by Dr. Ernest Small that established the difference between cannabis and hemp. Finally, it discusses how the work of the Nixon administration and the Dix led to the downfall of cannabis.

It discusses how the Reagan administration increased penalties for cannabis use in the 1980s, as well as theJust Say No campaign led by Nancy Reagan. It argues that these measures were ineffective and actually led to more drug use.

This content discusses the criminalization of cannabis and its impact on Americans. It notes that while public opinion has shifted in favor of legalization in recent years, the federal government still classifies cannabis as a Schedule I narcotic. This has resulted in white-owned companies profiting from the legal cannabis industry, while black and brown Americans who have been disproportionately impacted by the war on drugs are left out.

The content discusses the history of marijuana and its many uses. It also touches on the current situation with marijuana and its legalization. The writer encourages people to educate themselves on the topic and to get involved in the movement to help those who are affected by the current laws.

Disclaimer: Content created by reNotes from the podcast transcript is an example only.  reKnow does not own the original podcast and all content on this page, including content derived from the podcast, are the property of the podcast owner.  Being featured as an example does not imply the podcast owner is a reNotes user.

Description (unedited)

This podcast episode discusses the long and difficult road to criminalizing cannabis in the United States. It covers the plant's early history and its many uses, before delving into the racial undertones of its criminalization in the early 20th century. The episode argues that the current laws surrounding cannabis are unjust, and highlights the work of activists in the fight for legalization.

Article (unedited)

The Dark History of Cannabis

Cannabis has a long and dark history in the United States. The plant was originally brought to the Americas by Spanish settlers, and it was used for a variety of purposes including fabric and clothing. Cannabis was later criminalized in the United States, due to its association with Mexican immigrants. This has led to racism and anti-immigrant sentiment in the United States.

Cannabis was once considered a beneficial plant, but it has since been demonized due to its association with Mexican immigrants. This has led to racism and anti-immigrant sentiment in the United States. In the 1960s, attitudes towards cannabis changed, due in part to the popularity of the drug among white middle class college kids. In 1970, President Richard Nixon signed the controlled substance act, which classified cannabis as a Schedule One narcotic. This had a negative impact on the perception of the drug.

The Reagan administration increased penalties for cannabis use in the 1980s, as well as theJust Say No campaign led by Nancy Reagan. These measures were ineffective and actually led to more drug use. The war on drugs has disproportionately impacted black and brown Americans.

Social Posts (unedited)

Post 1
Check out this episode of the Dark History podcast to learn about the dark history of cannabis! Bailey discusses how the word marijuana has a racist past, and how the plant has been criminalized in the United States. Cannabis has been used by humans for centuries, and has a wide variety of uses. Don't miss this episode!
Post 2
The dark history of cannabis is often overlooked. But this podcast episode dives deep into the past to uncover the truth. From its early uses to its criminalization, this episode offers a comprehensive look at the plant's history. Learn about the people who have been impacted by the war on drugs, and how legalization could help to rectify the situation. Tune in now to learn more.
Post 3

Check out this podcast episode on the dark history of cannabis! Bailey Sarian begins by discussing how the word marijuana has a racist past, and how the plant has been criminalized in the United States. She then talks about how cannabis was one of the earliest plants farmed by humans, and how it was used for a variety of purposes.

Cannabis was originally used for fabric and clothing, but later became known for its medicinal properties. THC, one of the main chemicals in cannabis, is known to have painkilling and anesthetic properties.

Original transcript used by reNotes

Podcast: Dark Historyā€¯ with Bailey Sarian

Episode:  Puff, Puff, Pass: Dark History of Cannabis

Hi friends, I hope you're having a wonderful day today. My name is Bailey seryan. And I'd like to welcome you to the library of dark history. Now this is a safe space for all the curious cats out there who think hey, is history really as boring as it seemed in school? o ne ne. This is where we can learn together about all the dark, mysterious, dramatic stories our teachers never told us about. You get it? I hope Joan over here she's got a little joint going. I've got my little weed robe. Feeling very Mother Nature right now. What do you guys think? Well, if you're listening, just imagine that something's going on. I don't know. Whip up some nachos slip on the biggest hoodie you got. bust out some eyedrops and melt into your couch because today's episode is about the wacky tabacky this thick, sticky, icky, the reefer the old giggle smoke the devil's lettuce. Maybe? That's right. Today we're talking all about the dark history of cannabis. Now, when I was digging into the story did a lot of research and we actually tried to film this episode once before, and I was like you guys, we should smoke weed and film the episode that would be so fun. And then bitch, let me tell you that she had backfired real quick. I got so paranoid. I was on fucking Jupiter. And we were trying to film and I was like, I gotta get the fuck out of here. And the night they just bolted. And you guys, it wasn't a good idea. I don't recommend getting high and filming. At least not for me. Anyway, so I'm doing this again. sober. Thank you so much, Joan. Here, you could smoke all you want. Did you know The word marijuana has a terrible racist past? Yeah, because actually it does. And we'll get into that a little bit. So I'm just going to call it cannabis because that's what it is. Weed comes from the cannabis plant. And she changed the world really. But then some powerful villains in the United States decided this poor little plant was a criminal. But before we get into that, let's go way way way back and talk about what life was like for our girl cannabis. I'm going to open up my little dark history but to my favorite chapter. Oh dear, yes. Nope, that's naughty. Once upon a time, and about 12,000 BCE, in Central and South Asia, a little green flowering plant was born there around 8000 BCE, research missions in Japan found some seeds that could like grow this plant. Soon after they started growing it from the seeds. They gave her name, which was cannabis or is cannabis now something she could be one of the earliest plants like ever farmed by humans, but we know for sure, a few 1000 years later, around 4000 BCE. Cannabis was definitely being farmed. But just as important as cannabis being grown, was what they were growing it for. It's now the year 2500 BCE, and history has just started being recorded. Yes, cannabis has been on the scene longer than written words. So some things are being recorded. We find out around this time fabric clothes and shoes were being made using cannabis in both China and Korea. Some even call it the first fabric known to man and they were using something called hemp. It's basically the stem of the cannabis plant, which is peeled into long, thin fibers and then woven together. It's not too far off from like a fine linen and can be used for all sorts of stuff. For example, when I was in high school hemp necklaces were super popular. And this one hot guy Dylan, he was like, did you know hemp is weed and I was like, shut up, Dylan. I'm gonna stop Dylan. You're so stupid, Dylan. Well, here's the thing hot Dylan was right. Weed and hemp are just two different names for cannabis. In the eyes of science, they're the same damn thing. But in the eyes of today's law, they couldn't be more different. This is like the natural version of crack versus cocaine. But we'll get into that later on because early cannabis still has some surprising tricks up her sleeve. So cannabis decided fashion wasn't enough. She was like, Hi, I'm going to do medicine now. And her best known chemicals specifically THC and CBD can help people sleep, make them euphoric, and act like an anesthetic, aka painkiller. So cannabis was used during early versions of surgeries, and around 2000 BC, Persians mixed hemp seeds with beer to help menstrual cramps and other lady issues.

Why are we not doing this? Now? The ancient Egyptians started using it for similar reasons to remember in our episode about menstruation, the Egyptians would mix it with honey and put it write up their old hoo ha. And like Who are we to judge because I mean if it worked to get rid of period cramps, sign me the heck up. And while all this is going on, hemp was being used to create food like hemp milk and hemp seed plus the Chinese were even using it to make an early form of paper. So I mean, it's a very versatile little plant isn't it? And with all these accomplishments under her belt, cannabis still isn't even done. So cannabis had been hanging around the Middle East for a bit. And then in 800 BCE, she was found on a couple of religious altars in what is now present day Israel because she was in a residue form. Most believed cannabis was being used by people to get a little high during ceremonial or ritualistic events. But the oldest most solid evidence of humans smoking weed was found in the mountains of western China. A stone filled bowl with THC residue was found and it dated back to about 480 BC, wild. Earlier cannabis users either burned the plant and like inhale the smoke called vapors, or they just ate it. Anyway, I'm talking like ancient edibles here. So from this point to like the Middle Ages, every culture that comes into contact with cannabis, dabbles in the drugs, psychoactive properties, whether it be for religious reasons, or for just funsies. They were getting high. The oldest evidence we have recorded is from 440 BC when a Greek writer known as the father of history, documented a nomadic tribe smoking hemp paper and shouting for joy. So it's safe to say our girl cannabis was pretty revolutionary, and popular. I mean, think about it for 1000s of years, she kept people warm, fed them numb their pain, brought them closer to God, and reduce their anxiety during what I'm pretty sure weren't the easiest time to live through. I'd want to get high shit. So it just makes sense why nomads, traders, armies and explorers took her from the grasslands of Central Asia into China, Korea, Japan, Russia, the Middle East, the Mediterranean, Europe, and South through Africa. In 1455, the Gutenberg Bible was published, which was not only the first mass produced book sent all across the world, it was printed on hemp paper.

Oh shit, that's wild. So things again, are just going really great for cannabis at this time.

In fact, things were really going well for cannabis for a long time. But what cannabis didn't know was that she was on a crash course with one continent that would put her into full crisis mode. Welcome to North America, cannabis. You're gonna hate it here. But how did cannabis even get to the Americas in the first place? Some theories claim that cannabis hitched a ride to the continent back in 1492 with America's favorite colonizer, Christopher Columbus. But those claims aren't really backed up by much. Plus, it seems like more bullshit to make Columbus seem cool, you know, but there are some reports that cannabis first stepped ashore in the Americas in Brazil and Chile, after long as haul across the Atlantic from Africa. And then there were tales that Spanish conquerors introduced cannabis to Mexico to farm the hemp is one of these true are all these true? I don't frickin know. There is no concrete research to tell us exactly when cannabis arrived. But we know she was here because production of hemp is on record in the 13 colonies. The farming of hemp was encouraged by local governments in the 1600s on the East Coast. They did this for a few reasons. It was a valuable thing that could be sold or turned into clothing. But the most important reason was that hemp could be used to help the growing military it was a strategic move because hemp was used to make ropes and material to seal the gaps and ships and also Canvas sales. Wow. Wow, just everything. Fun fact the word Canvas actually comes from the word cannabis. Ain't that some shit? Our girl was so important that in 1619, the territory of Virginia required every farmer to grow hemp and other territories even allowed it to be exchanged as currency. I mean, this stuff was as in demand as actual money. And if that's not enough, there are even some theories that some of the earliest drafts of the Declaration of Independence were printed on hemp parchment as well. George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and even Andrew freakin Jackson grew hemp on their plantations. Now, I know what you're wondering, Bailey, give us the tea. Were they smoking yet? Were the Founding Fathers getting as high as Ben Franklin's kite? Unfortunately, there's no evidence of it. But come on. If you're growing it, you're just having it laying around. You're gonna maybe smoke it right Do you at least try it once? Anyway, the United States was officially established as a nation in 1776. And by 1850, cannabis became a federally approved medicine. Wow. What a time to be alive. That same year the US Census recorded 8327 Hemp farms growing cannabis for all sorts of uses. Now in order to be counted, the farm had to be at least 2000 acres. In total, that's at least 16 million acres of hemp. To put that in perspective, that's a bigger area than the size of all of West Virginia. Oh shit, that's that's big. We basically had a whole ass state dedicated to hemp will happen. And then later in the century, cannabis started popping up as a beloved ingredient and a bunch of medicines that were sold directly to people in pharmacies. It was used to treat everything from migraines, to inflammation to insomnia. So yeah, I mean, our girl cannabis was out here killing it, just like she had been for 1000s of years. But when something is at the top of their game, a lot of people just want to see it come crashing down. We're gonna pause for an odd break.

Right now work is taking up a large majority of my time even though I love it like researching, writing, filming everything for YouTube and the podcast really take up quite a bit of time. And at the end of what can feel like an endless workday. The last thing I want to do is cook dinner, but when your fridge is empty the Orisha ordering and like skip the cooking happens all too often. But thanks to daily harvest, I don't have that takeout temptation anymore. o ne ne daily harvest helps me keep my freezer fully stocked with options that are delivered right to my door and are delicious, nourishing and ready in just minutes. Daily harvest delivers delicious harvest bowls, soups, flatbreads, snacks, smoothies, lattes and more built on organic fruits and vegetables. Daily harvest has delicious options for any time of the day. Breakfast, lunch, dinner, snacks and also desserts. Everything is always on hand in your freezer and ready to enjoy when you need it. Some of my favorite daily harvest items are the cold brew and cacao smoothie and tomato and basil flatbread Hmm, it's delicious. Thank you. I've been working on being more mindful of eating better foods. So daily harvest helps me stay on track even on days where I'm busy and you know, just don't feel like cooking. With daily harvest. I never have to question if the food I'm eating is good for me. They create food that's both good for my health and the health of the planet by supporting farmers who invest in practices that increase biodiversity and improve the health of our soil and delivering food and recyclable and composting packaging. Daily harvest is the work so all you have to do is eat and new on the scene is there delicious harvest bakes. For those moments when you're looking for homemade fields without any of the work there are ready to bake veg pack dishes sizzling with gourmet level flavors that are big enough to share. But let me tell you you're not going to want to share. Avoid the takeout temptation and get daily harvest go to daily history to get up to $40 off your first box. That's daily history for up to $40 off your first box daily history. While cannabis was a medical wonder drug, it also gained steam as a fashionable narcotic in the United States. Now that wasn't just word on the street. That exact phrase came from an 1853 article in The New York Times along with this people in United States had also started to get into like the recreational use of smoking hash, which is a super potent form of cannabis. It's a dried resin that's pressed into small blocks. I mean, there were even hash parlors opening up alongside opium dens up and down the East Coast. I mean, that sounds like a good time, but because we can't have fun. We can't have nice things. A couple of dipshits came and ruin the party for everyone else. In 1884 The Baltimore Sun detailed the story of a guy who went to the hospital, stoned out of his mind on hash just fucking I shit right? And told the doctor he couldn't find his face. His legs were gone. And he was walking on his chin. Yes, but reports like that made a lot of people are afraid of cannabis. I don't know that sounds like bath salts or something man and the new United States government took a step that sealed cannabis is fate for ever. In the early 1900s. There was a growing push to regulate food and pharmaceuticals because some assholes were selling stuff and like lying about what was inside. And in order to protect consumers. The United States passed something called the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906. This required drug labels to disclose any of 10 specific Ingredients thought to be, quote unquote, addictive or dangerous. Things like cocaine, right? Opium, heroin, they're on the list. And that makes sense. But because cannabis was now considered a non narcotic, and there were reports of people walking on their chins, it also made the list of 10. While the law didn't ban anything, cannabis was now considered a poison. So our girl is catching a bad rap. And it only gets worse when blatant racism enters the picture. So for the next part of our story, we're going to hop on over to Mexico, specifically Mexico in the year 1910. Now, at this time, there was death and chaos in the streets of Mexico, I guess the country's dictator who had been in power since 1876, had been overthrown, and what remained of the country's government were fighting against a bunch of rebel forces. This became known as the Mexican Revolution of 1910. Now, why is this so important to our story? Well, this revolution caused a wave of Mexican immigrants to pour into the United States because they were seeking refuge. But that's not what they got. Because along with their incredible culture, some brought with them their recreational use of cannabis. And remember, at this point, cannabis was considered poison. But like we mentioned earlier today, it's also used for so much other stuff. My dad, unfortunately, people started associating cannabis with incoming Mexican immigrants. And this caused fear in the United States, and they pushed anti drug advocates to warn against the marijuana menace. That's what they're calling it. horrible crimes that were being committed at the time were blamed on Mexicans who were using marijuana. I mean, it didn't matter if it were true or not, they just want someone to blame. Marijuana is definitely a word that comes from Mexico, but its true origins aren't entirely known for sure. One expert believes it comes from Mexican soldiers slang for brothel. Maria, you wanna?

Oh, oh. Other theories say it came from Chinese immigrants in Mexico. It could be a combo of syllables that refer to cannabis and Chinese ma Ren Hua. Or maybe it came from an informal way of saying Chinese oregano in Spanish, which is Mayhall Rana Chino, don't come from me. Okay, I were trying. So the word marijuana could have come from a lot of different things really. But back in the 1800s most references in the press to cannabis refer to her medical benefits, or how hemp makes cool shit like fabric, rope and paper. So they use the scientific name, but that in the early 1900s, major outlets like the LA Times took racism and anti cannabis stances mainstream and this is when we really start to see the M word gain in popularity. For example, they published a story titled delirium or death, terrible effects produced by certain plants and weeds grown in Mexico. So marijuana started to become tied to Mexicans who were then stereotyped as dangerous pot smokers, and then just fan the prejudiced flames and lead to racism and anti immigrant feelings in the United States, which I'm sure we can all agree is insane. I mean, for a lot of reasons, but also because cannabis was legal to trade over the border and was being grown, sold and used by white people in the United States. So a little double standard. What did she say? So let's recap. Cannabis was a badass wonder plant a goddess, a beautiful creature, a gift sent from the Jesus above. Baby Jesus sent us this beautiful plant and named her cannabis. But then she got to lit she got labeled addictive and dangerous. And then racism gotten involved. So the stage is set for like the darkest years in cannabis, his life, her formal criminalization, but the road to getting that done was long and difficult. So difficult. It requires a gang of villains we've actually talked about before on this show. Now they didn't know each other at first, but soon they would get to know each other. Because with their powers combined, they're going to make life in the United States a nightmare for a lot of people. So buckle up for the most toxic villain crossover The show has ever seen. But first, we have to pause for an ad break and I know BRB. I think maybe a lot of us can agree that buying gifts for Mother's can be quite difficult. Like you can only get your mom a candle so many times for Mother's Day. But the skylight frame makes such an amazing gift. It's a touch screen photo frame. You can either email photos to it or upload them from the app anytime from anywhere. So mom can see all of those favorite moments this year and preload it with your favorite photos for a special Mother's Day Care. left, surprise them with photos they didn't even know you had. Nowadays, staying in touch with those we love is more important than ever. And the skylight digital photo frames make it so easy. It's a great way to feel close to those you love even when you're far away. I mean anyone in the family can send photos to the frame. So it's a great way to keep family members in touch. And just look at the cute photos. It sets up effortlessly in under 60 seconds and even the least tech savvy can use it. I love the skylight frame because it was so easy to set up. Okay, and it looks so cute on my calendar and it looks like a real frame and it's so clear the photos and so beautiful. I frickin love it. And it's very easy to add photos to the frame through the app on your phone. Okay, skylight frame has a gorgeous 10 inch touch screen, and you can swipe through photos with your finger and even tap to thank the person who sent the photo with 100% Satisfaction guaranteed. If you don't love your skylight, they'll offer you a full refund. Their customers love skylight, one Facebook review said quote, this gives her a little glimpse of us every day. And then when we talk on the phone, she can talk to the boys about the pictures we sent and quote, now as a special holiday offer, you can get $10 off your purchase of a skylight frame when you go to skylight and enter the code history. That's right to get $10 off your purchase of a skylight frame, just go to skylight and enter the code history that skylight s KYLIGHTFRA M and use code history. You won't regret it.

Now remember, cannabis has been a huge part of the American economy for a really long time. Whether cannabis was used for fabrics, goods, food, but ditional purposes or even making the paper in the frickin Bible. A lot of people had jobs in the cannabis industry, and even more people relied on those products themselves every day. So if a powerful group has the goal of completely erasing cannabis from the country, they're going to have to do it systematically. They're going to have to attack from four very important angles, depress the bank's big baseness and finally, the government. It's like why did they want to ruin this so bad? We learned about the marijuana menace bullshit earlier back when people were blaming the Mexican refugees for crimes. But even the United States government was pushing out anti cannabis propaganda solidifying the shaky connection between cannabis and Mexican immigrants. And because it was from the government, it validated a lot of the toxic myths already out there while continuing to keep racist stereotypes alive and well. But this PR campaign from hell really got a shot in the arm from someone we've met in this show before the first villain in our gang who I'm going to call the dude involved in cannabis killing, aka dicks, because that's what they are is none other than Mr. William Randolph Hearst. Remember him? Yellow journalism episode. The castle house remember? I've been there to tell you. I wish you the Hearst Castle. Really cool. I mean, yeah, he's a bad guy, but really cool house. I lived there. Anyways, when we left our boy William, he was fighting with Joseph Pulitzer and started the Spanish American War, all while creating a worldwide media empire. So who better to spread insane propaganda than Mr. sensationalism himself. Lying in his own newspapers was second nature to him. But this time, there was a huge financial reason to do it. You see, William had investments in the timber industry, you know, chopping down trees so they can be turned into newspapers. Great for William terrible for Earth. But then a big ass problem shows up for William because remember how I said earlier that paper can be made from hemp? Well, after slavery was abolished, the hemp industry hit some rough times because hemp required a lot of labor to be farmed and processed. The formerly enslaved did most of that work because hashtag USA, but something called the DecoArt Decatur was invented and this sexy new machine changed the game that kind of automated the whole system of processing hemp. It became easier and it didn't need as much labor. And this meant that hemp paper was made faster, cheaper and more sustainably. Then with paper, which Earth is like yay, great. But William No, he wasn't happy. He's like fuck that. With his timber investment starting to face tough competition. William is looking for any way to take down the hemp industry. Now this guy hates losing money. I mean, do you have you seen his house? He needs the money. I mean, like he needs that money. Okay. In addition to this, William's politics when it came to Latin America were pretty clear. He felt it should be conquered and taken over by you know, The white people he is on record saying, quote, I really don't see what is to prevent us from owning all Mexico and running it to suit ourselves, Edge quote, and this was something he was actively trying to do. Some estimates say he owned 7.5 million acres of land in Mexico. And because of his win at all cost mentality, William had the disgusting idea to use his journalism empire to kill two birds with one stone, save his timber investment and help spread hate towards Mexican immigrants so he can get more land. He's got to build more houses. Have you seen his house? The castle? Have you been there? Or should you PR for them? In 1923, a paper owned by William reported that marijuana is a shortcut to the insane asylum. And if people smoke joints the brain will be nothing but a storehouse for horrid spectators. Oh shit. There were also reports that quote, The Devil marijuana weed cause violence. Oh,

yet the devil's juice. Then in 1928, William ramped it up a bit with one of his papers reporting that marijuana was known in India as the murder drug. And people who were stoned would run through the streets hacking and killing everyone god damn man. And then another claim this guy is just go and he's all the hits. Boom, boom, boom, because in another claim, an article said just a small gardening box full of cannabis could quote drive the whole population of the United States stark raving mad. I think it's safe to say this William guy has never smoked weed he really should try to before being so judgmental. All of this probably could have been prevented. And what's even worse, all these crazy as headlines holds more papers and made William even richer. Shame, shame, shame. I feel like I've made this very clear. So when William started banging the racist drum screaming that marijuana is gonna kill everyone. He planted the seed that Mexican immigrants and their drug were going to kill everybody. Oh, yes. And it's easier to fear something if there is a human face tied to it. Suddenly white knighted states citizens become scared shitless and they start to turn on cannabis, which is what William wanted. What William wanted most was to make it all illegal. And this was not something William could do on his own. He needed help. And this is how we meet our next villain from our gang of dicks DIC ks. So let me introduce to you Mr. Andrew Mellon. Andrew was born on March 24. March. Shit, man, all the villains are born in March. It seems like there's something up with March. Andrew was born on March 24 1855, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1874. After graduating from Western University, okay, Andrew, he entered the family business. That business was started by his dad and was called T Mellon and Sons bank. I don't know why melons making me giggle. I just keep thinking of titties. And I'll tell ya, the business was pretty good. To this day. The melons are one of the richest families in the United States. Oh shit. But this isn't about the family. It's about Andrew. Okay, he was so good at the finance stuff that his dad just gave him the bank in 1882 when Andrew was just 26. Must be nice, huh? Over the course of the next 30 years, Andrew took what his dad started and turned it into a powerhouse in the United States banking world. And we tons of corporations turned him for cash as the United States developed into the early 1900s. Andrew and his bank were involved in hugely important industries, like oil, steel, electricity, aluminum, shipping and booze. So you get it. Andrew was a financial and industrial Titan, the melons were huge. This guy was connected. And by the early 1920s, he was one of the richest dudes in the United States. Good for you. Okay, so now you know Andrew banking, powerful. Got it. So under Andrews watch T melanins. Sons rebranded and became known as Mellon bake. It was one of the biggest banks at the time, and they had a very important client is see there was one industry I left out when I listed everything Andrew was involved in that industry was petro chemicals. So this is where we welcome back to the show one of the most destructive and dangerous villains I've had the privilege of talking shit about. The third member of our gang of dicks is none other than the DuPont Company. circle back to Episode One. Wow, we did it Joan. Did we do that call back all the way to Episode One. Iconic that was pretty good. Dupont. Did you guys watch that episode? That's my favorite. Episode for sure that would Adminstration.

I like this photo. But check those out too. Okay, you get it. All you need to know for this story is that du Pont was and still is a chemical company company that, along with other stuff developed synthetic fabrics from fossil fuels, and they were behind a huge scandal where they poison the drinking water in West Virginia. Some awkward Tufano shit. Anyway to pot banked with Andrew. That means he'd lend them money so they could operate their company. If DuPont did well so did Andrew. If they shit the bed, so did Andrew and Mellon bank was most invested in du Pont's process of turning wood fiber into paper. Maybe you see where this is going. Now melons investments started to look pretty bleak when the United States Department of Agriculture concluded that hemp paper was favorable in comparison with those made with wood pulp. Hemp paper didn't turn yellow as it aged, whereas wood paper covered in chemicals did chemicals bad who would have thought and not only this, but an acre of hemp could make more paper than an acre of trees. Plus, on top of that hemp grows four times faster than trees do with half the amount of water, which means it replaces itself faster than trees Joe. So as hemp gets harvested, there would be less damage to the environment, because there's less of a need to knock down trees and just wait for them to like grow back to make more paper. But guess who got his wood base paper from DuPont? Stop the presses because it's William Randolph Hearst. Have you seen his castle It's wild. Like William hemp was seriously threatening to Ponte in Andrews bottom line, the dark forces are starting to align. So a few years pass than Andrew became the Secretary of Treasury in 1921, smack in the middle of prohibition. Now in this position, Andrew handled all financial matters for the US government. So he holds some serious for good power. And even though he technically became a civil servant, he stayed involved with his bank and remain tight with DuPont. Is it a it's like a conflict of interest, right? You think? So it's around this time when our three established villains start to mingle. Now we don't know for sure if Andrew and William colluded directly on this next part, but a lot of interesting coincidences began to happen. In the late 1920s, DuPont was making this amazing new product that we all know today. It was called nylon. Oh, yes. But other companies were making a competing product for way cheaper. The main ingredient, hemp, so now cannabis is affecting two products for DuPont, paper and nylon. Oh, they're fucking pissed, right? So one day Andrew was sitting in his office at the Treasury Department. When he remembered Wait a minute, wait a minute. It's prohibition. Cannabis like alcohol was one of those 10 things listed as addictive or dangerous by the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906. And alcohol is now illegal. That's when Andrew gets his big ass lightbulb moment. Why not make cannabis illegal? So in 1930, the Federal Bureau of Narcotics was established. It was a division within the Treasury Department, which Andrew oversaw, and Andrew had to appoint a director of narcotics. And yes, that's where the word narc comes from. It meant narcotics officer. Anyway, it didn't take long for Andrew to come up with a man who was like perfect for the job. Okay, so now we're going to introduce the final member of our gang of dicks. A devout racist we met before in the jazz episode. Wow. They're just all coming together like a boy band. Ladies and gentlemen, Mr. Harry Anslinger. Now if you remember Harry loved prohibition super big fan. And once he was appointed Chief NARC, he saw the gig as like a solid career opportunity. He found himself running an agency that was able to define the drug problem and then solve it. So he had the ability to make up some BS to stay employed. And that's exactly what he did. Now, opiate and cocaine use like wasn't enough to build his agency and cannabis was way more popular. So he shifted focus and started the ball rolling on making cannabis illegal to bring attention to this problem.

He fanned the flames of mass hysteria, violence and racism using something called the gore files sounds Britt. These files were a collection of quotes from police reports about graphic and brutal stuff supposedly committed by people high on cannabis like people axe wielding psychos, grandma's get shot, and families being murdered. murdered, often committed by people of color. But here's the thing. Lots of people believe Harry just invented the connection between these crimes and the cannabis use. And there were 200 crimes listed in this thing called the gore files. Some historians say 198 of them, so almost all of them falsely blamed cannabis. And that's funny. And even the final two were in question. So Harry, no, no man is not added up. But still, he frequently read from and promoted the gore files, which received a ton of support from William Hearst. Have you seen his castle? It's incredible. Harry's anti cannabis reports were filled with such open racism that a bunch of politicians called for his immediate resignation. And guess what? He's like, nope, and didn't resign. So this piece of garbage ran a major federal department for 32 years. Which leads us to a little thing called reefer madness. That sounds like a party. In 1936. A film called Reefer Madness was created by a church group, produced with the support of Harry and his Bureau of Narcotics, and then distributed nationwide on the educational film circuit. But educational it was not. It was a silly ass piece of propaganda and really hyped up the anti cannabis hysteria spewing from our gang of decks. And because there weren't a ton of movie options at the time, it made its way to the general public. Here's the plot of the movie because it's a good one. It's wild. So some innocent high schoolers they get lured into trying cannabis. And because they're high, they experience a cartoonish series of events that includes a hit and run, manslaughter, suicide, attempted rape, and a kid who literally uses his frickin mind. But the film seemed official and educational. So of course, a lot of Americans out there ate it up. They're like, Oh my God. Have you heard of this cannabis thing? The public perception of cannabis was worse than it had ever been because of this stupid movie reefer madness and as a result, a real shitstorm for cannabis arrived. In 1937. Harry testified in front of Congress armed with his deceptive Gore files, a bunch of William Hearst sensational articles, and a heaping pile of racism. Harry explained why marijuana needed to be banned. His whole argument was that it led to crime. He kept repeating the word marijuana over and over. It was also written in the actual legislation being proposed, but the attorney for the American Medical Association knew like what the hell was up. First, he said there is zero primary evidence that cannabis use causes crime and second he publicly scolded Harry for not publicizing that this bill actually applied to cannabis, including hemp. The attorney knew Harry was using the word marijuana because it was tied to racism towards Mexicans, and cannabis was not. And this is how fear is weaponized people because it didn't matter what the American Medical Association said the damage was done. That same year, Congress passed the marijuana tax act, which effectively made possession of cannabis legal so lame. Even though this happened. Not everyone was a fan of the marijuana tax act. In 1944, the New York Academy of Medicine issued a report that outright said marijuana did not induce violence, Insanity, or sex crimes, or lead to addiction or other drug use my God. Even in World War Two, the Department of Agriculture started a hemp for victory program where the government gave farmers hemp seeds to grow. They'd use the fiber for military stuff like parachutes. So the government makes cannabis possession illegal but then is telling people to grow it. It's like what is it? Pick a lane people will pick a lane. But the hypocrisy didn't matter because more laws were were common. And they cemented something in place that proved destructive to black and brown communities all over the United States. mandatory minimum sentences let's pause for a little

ad break. I think it's a great idea to keep learning new skills. I mean, I really want to learn how to speak French fluently. I've been taking like little classes and you're always learning I mean, it keeps you sharp, like zip recruiter. Their AI is always learning. So if you're hiring their AI gets better and faster at finding the right candidates for all of your roles. And right now you can try for free at zip history. Zip recruiter uses It's powerful technology to find and match the right candidates up with your job. Then it proactively presents these candidates to you, you can easily review these recommended candidates and invite your top choices to apply for your job, which like encourages them to apply faster. So no wonder zip recruiter is the number one rated hiring site in the United States based on G two ratings. And now you can try zip recruiter for free at this exclusive web address, zip history, that zip history, d a r k h i s t o r y zipper recruiter the smartest way to hire. So there's this thing called the Boggs act of 1951. It was passed. And this did something beyond crazy. It mandated that people convicted of cannabis offenses received the same punishment as heroin offenses, shit, two to 10 years in prison and a fine of up to $20,000 for just holding it. This plant that the Lord up above created, think that's I don't think you could do that. This $20,000 Fine is equal to $210,000 today, then the Narcotics Control Act of 1956 got the death penalty involved. So this Act made penalties even harsher for not just cannabis dealers, but addicts as well. Harry justified these wild punishments because he claimed cannabis was a stepping stone to drug addiction. Or like maybe you've heard of this, a gateway drug, which we had already known for 12 years was absolutely not true. But by the time Harrier retired in 1962, a bunch of baby box acts popped up and individual states, some of them even tougher on cannabis than the federal laws. For example, in Louisiana, simply possessing cannabis could land you in prison for five to 99 years. Holy shit. Some states are even passing out life sentences and the death penalty. What do you even say to that? That's so sick. So hairy. Remember he retired in 1962? Then God right, well, a few years back, Andrew Mellon. He died in 1937, followed by William Hearst in 1951. Great Castle still there. Harry met his Maker later in 1975. Tragically, the DuPont Company is still alive. And well. Hey, DuPont. How's it going? Before our story, this is when the decks are eliminated from fuckboys Island, and things start to look a bit better for cannabis. So attitudes towards cannabis change, you know, in the 1960s. And it wasn't just because of the Grateful Dead. Reports from both the Kennedy and Johnson administration's found something we already know. Cannabis is not a gateway drug, nor does it cause violence. So policy began to include options for treatment along with criminal penalties. I mean, hey, it's a step in the right direction, I guess. So why did this happen? Cannabis became popular among white middle class college kids. That's it. For decades, cannabis laws targeted Mexicans and African Americans, but the country didn't care. As soon as all the Abbey's and Logan's and fucking you know, they started smoking and getting pinch. All their parents were like, oh my god, this is so unfair. You can't do this to them. So shortly after this, Congress got rid of most of the mandatory penalties for cannabis related offenses.

They realize it did nothing to stop drug use, and was just frickin harsh. It's funny what happens to their kids, that's when they have this epiphany. But the good news was short lived because things once again take a turn for the worse for cannabis. It's almost as the Dix passed their toxic torch directly to another dick. Literally President Richard Nixon are a tricky, Dicky Tricky Dick, but I like tricky Dicky Nixon signed the controlled substance act in 1970. And this one is important to know because it classified cannabis as a Schedule One narcotic, which it still is to this very day. Now schedule one narcotics are considered to be the most dangerous drugs. And our poor sweet girl cannabis is on this list with drugs like frickin heroin. To put it in perspective, how insane that is. The list of scheduled two substances include meth, PCP, fentanyl and cocaine, meaning they are considered safer and more medicinal girl what happened? What happened? How these drugs were categorized, had nothing to do with cannabis or science. I'm paraphrasing a high level Nixon administration official, but it was because they wanted to criminalize being counterculture and it being black. But since they couldn't criminalizing movement or person, they associated them with drugs which they could criminalize. This Nixon official went on to say, quote, we could arrest their leaders raid their homes, break up their meetings and vilify them night after night on the evening news. Did we know we were lying about the drugs? Of course we did. And quote, and there you have it. Great. And then in 1971, President Nixon labeled drug abuse public enemy number one, and announced to the world the start of the war on drugs. To put it simply, Nixon hated two groups, people, people who were against the Vietnam War, and people who were black. But here's the thing worse and being Black does not. It does need to be said that there were some people fighting the good fight on behalf of cannabis in the 1970s. It was an all complete shit. The National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws or normal queue was founded in 1970. Now, they're the oldest and largest cannabis advocacy group in this country. And they provide a voice of reason against anti cannabis propaganda coming from the government. So during the 70s, despite all of Nixon's efforts, they helped decriminalized cannabis in 11 states they're still hard at work today and we love them for it. Okay, I just like those so sadly, yeah. Okay. In 1976 A study was made by Dr. Ernest small that established the difference between cannabis and hemp your age and find out what the differences the only difference between cannabis and hemp was how much THC was in it. If it had less than point 3% thc. It was hemp more than that cannabis. And you're probably thinking well, why point 3%? Well, Dr. Small himself said he randomly picked a number. I love this country. America. We are so great. Well, unfortunately, the government just like they ran with it. They're like, Sure sounds great. And this leads us to our final player and cannabis is downfall. Everything the Dix and Nixon did set the table for this person. And my God, did he screw up a lot of people's lives. But first, we're gonna pause for one more ad break baby. What do US News PC Magazine and Popular Science have in common? Well, they all ranked simply safe home security as the best home security of 2021. In fact, US news just named simply save the best home security of 2022 as well. Simply Safe protects your whole home around the clock, every door, window and room. It's backed by the best 24/7 professional monitoring in the business, ready to dispatch police, firefighters or EMTs to your home with a comprehensive set of sensors and cameras, including the all new wireless outdoor security camera, you always know what's going on inside and outside your home. Since I'm researching True Crime all the time, naturally, I can get a little paranoid. If I hear like a weird noise or something, you know, I'm like, what does that do that, but simply safe makes me feel so comfortable and safe at home.

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But Reagan didn't think so. Having 100 cannabis plants got a person the same penalty if they got caught with 100 grand Thumbs up heroin. Reagan is telling America cannabis is as bad as heroin. And then Reagan put in place a policy called three strikes and you're out, which triggered an automatic life sentence in prison for repeat drug offenders. So if a person was found with half a joint three times, I their life was over and Reagan's like, well, they just should have said no. Speaking of which, there was an ad campaign, an educational program started in the 1980s called Just Say No. And guess who created it? Reagan's wife, Nancy, this whole campaign was geared towards stopping kids from using drugs, and that anyone doing drugs was scary. Now, it's hard to oppose a program that says they just want to keep kids safe, right? Yeah, everyone does. But what came out of just say no was anything but helpful. Some studies suggest that kids in those programs were more likely to try alcohol and drugs. Also, it taught kids to stigmatize people who use drugs, as if every single one of them is actively in control of their addiction and are bad people. So while President Reagan was empowering cops, prosecutors and judges, Nancy was making her way into schools and, and living rooms, putting the fear of God and government into the people. You know, that one commercial that's like, this is your brain. Now, this is your brain on drugs. And then like the girl smashes an egg into the frying pan. Yeah, that was Nancy. That was that was Nancy. She was like, this is a great idea. You guys, I love it. So all that progress made by normal and other cannabis advocates at the state and federal levels went out the window. Goodbye. cannabis laws passed in the 1980s were like nothing this country had ever seen. Law enforcement got bigger budgets and were more empowered to lock people up. After people were arrested. punishments were significantly harsher than they were in the 1930s. During all that reefer madness, madness, and oversight was laughable if it was even present at all. All the tools used to fight heroin and cocaine were now directed primarily at cannabis. The government pulled out all the stops. I mean, not to mention the president after Reagan, George Bush Senior. Yeah, he doubled down on the war on drugs. He just kept pushing the false destructive narrative, as it a few of the presidents who followed him. So what did the criminalization of cannabis get us? I don't know. Well, in 2018, more than 43% of all drug arrest, about 700,000, to be exact, were related to cannabis. And that same year, according to the FBI, cops made more arrests for cannabis crimes than for all violent crimes combined, combined. And while arrest rates for cannabis possession were lower in 2018 than in 2010. For both black and white Americans. Black people were still getting arrested more. According to the NAACP, just 5% of illegal drug users are African American, but they make up 33% of people in jail for drugs. The kicker all races of people use cannabis roughly at the same rate in the United States. Over the past couple of decades, the public has warmed up to the idea of legal cannabis. I mean, most people no longer think of it as this menace it once was painted to be you know, how do we know? Well, according to a 2021 Pew Research poll, 91% of Americans are in favor of legalizing cannabis for recreational or medical use. 91% I don't think that many Americans have agreed on anything, ever. Yeah, I don't think so. Wow. Yeah, that's wild. You guys who's yelled at 9% You fucking douche. Anyway, despite

nationwide support on the federal level cannabis is still a schedule one narcotic unjustly hanging out with PCP. That's insane, right? Absolutely. This is just like a joke, but it's not unfortunately, medical cannabis is now legal in 37. States and recreational cannabis is legal in 18 states and Washington DC. While this is incredible progress, it shines a light on a painfully ironic issue. overwhelmingly white owned companies are growing cannabis building edible factories and selling the product out of storefronts all over the frickin country. They're capitalizing on this booming industry. Meanwhile, a lot of black and brown Americans are still sitting in prison for minor cannabis crimes. And the people and communities hit the hardest by the war on drugs are being left out of this billion dollar industry. In fact, legal cannabis brought in $18.3 billion in 2020. I mean cannabis has over Are 25,000 uses, so the possibilities are endless. But because the federal government continues misusing science, they still believe that cannabis is the devil's lettuce. Well, my friends that is today's episode about marijuana, aka cannabis, aka the devil's lettuce, aka whatever, you know you get it. Thank you. I feel very bad for cannabis. Because she does so many great things and so many products can be made out of her. And for some fucking reason. It's still bad. We could be making so much stuff here in America if we just started growing hemp, right? Paper clothes, everything. I mean, yeah, the Berta grease Don't fucking go off, Joan. So I guess what I'm trying to say is, you know, do your own research, of course. But the one thing you'll find out is that for years and years and years, centuries and centuries, year, whatever it's been used for so many things. It's such a good thing. I don't know. Fuck, we have the power we can vote and we can make this legal right. But I also we should be demanding that those in jail get lesser sentences are released. Our expunge the records expunged, I mean, my God, it's disgusting and not should be top priority on our list. I'm gonna leave down in the description box. So places that we can go to to help further educate ourselves on it, how we can help. And further information. If you're looking, you should look into helping because there's so many people who need our help. Thank you for learning with me today. Remember, you know, don't be afraid to ask questions and get the whole story because you deserve that. Anyways, I'd love to hear your reactions to the story. So make sure to use the hashtag dark history so I can follow along. Join me over on my YouTube where you can watch these episodes on Thursday after the podcast airs and also catch my murder mystery and makeup which drops every Monday. I hope you have a great day today. You make good choices and I'll be talking to you next week. Goodbye me. dark history is an audio boom. I'll original this podcast. Let me tell you about it. It's executive produced by Bailey seryan. Hi, Kim Jacobs, Jr. McNeely from three arts, Fanny Badri and Claire Turner, from wheelhouse DNA, Produced by Alexei kibin. Research provided by Tisha Dunston writers Jed BookOut Joyce Galluzzo and Kim yay good. Edited by Jim Lucci. Shot by to fatwa no marooned way. Thank you to our historical consultant Jared Lee T. Develop manager at Weedmaps and I'm your host Bailey serene the by found it year

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